About the Article

Published in: Vol. 5, No. 3
Category: Reviews

About the Author

David W. Ramey


Homeopathy and Critical Thinking


Veterinary Acupuncture and Historical Scholarship: Claims for the Antiquity of Acupuncture


Acupuncture Points and Meridians Do Not Exist

Abstract. One of the basic tenets of acupuncture is that needles must be placed at specific sites, known as “acupuncture points.” These points may also be located along certain invisible lines, commonly referred to as “meridians.” However, there is, as yet, no convincing evidence that either acupuncture points or meridians exist as discrete entities. In addition, there are vast differences between the historical location of points and meridians and current practice. Finally, the majority of studies in which “sham” acupuncture controls are used fail to show a difference between control points and “real” points. Accordingly, claims that precise needle placement is important for therapeutic efficacy are suspect.

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